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Fresh eyes will allow you to find things you might not otherwise have observed.

Fresh eyes will allow you to find things you might not otherwise have observed.

Here are some points to consider when proofreading and editing:

The Purdue OWL website has a lot more detail from the proofreading process.

Students regularly underestimate the right time it can take to write an essay, in particular the look and researching stages.

Before starting your essay, have a look at the Massey University assignment planning calculator.
You could be surprised the length of time the entire process takes!

As you can see through the assignment planning calculator, in the event that you only start your essay a couple of days before the due date, you’re going to have to do things too rapidly.

You need time and energy to mix all of the ingredients properly, or the end result will never be what you would like to fairly share with others! if you believe of this essay/cake analogy,

To publish a 1000 word essay, ideally you really need to allow yourself about 3 weeks.

Let’s take a look at how an essay time management ‘cake’ could be divided in to slices:

You can view that the part that is biggest of your energy is used on the planning/research elements and redrafting/editing/proofreading elements, which together should comprise around 60% of your time.

Take a look at another model to see just what in addition, you need to consider:

This is actually the final type of the chocolate essay. You may want to download it as a pdf document.

Since Spanish explorers brought back chocolate from the “” new world “”, chocolate consumption happens to be a phenomenon that is worldwide. At first, chocolate, a derivative of the cacao bean, was consumed as a glass or two, only later achieving mass popularity in tablet or bar form. However, chocolate’s inherent popularity does not equate to it possessing healthy properties, as suggested because of the title. The realities of chocolate tend to be more down to earth; a number among these realities are going to be addressed in this specific article. Chocolate has chemical properties that will influence mood and there’s evidence that is possible some positive impacts of chocolate on cardiovascular health. Yet, such attributes that are positive counterbalanced somewhat because of the argument that, in some instances, chocolate can be viewed a drug as opposed to a food. Moreover, there is the probability of some correlation between over-consumption of obesity and chocolate. Thus, it will likely be argued that despite chocolate’s effect that is positive some cases on mood as well as the cardiovascular system it has also been linked to addiction and obesity.

Usage of chocolate is something that lots of enjoy, and there’s evidence (Parker, Parker, & Brotchie, 2006) that high carbohydrate foods such as for instance chocolate do have a ‘feel good’ effect. Moreover, Scholey and Owen (2013) in a review that is systematic of literature in the field point to several studies, such as for example Macht and Dettmer (2006) and Macht and Mueller (2007), which may actually confirm this effect. Yet, as Parker, Parker and Brotchie (2006, p. 150) note, the mood effects of chocolate “are as ephemeral as holding a chocolate in one’s mouth”. In addition, mood is something this is certainly tough to isolate and quantify, and apart from the study by Macht and Dettmer (2006) there appears to be research that is little any more term mood affecting influences of chocolate. Another point is raised by Macht and Dettmer (2006), whose study discovered that positive responses to chocolate correlated more with anticipation and temporary sensory pleasure, whereas guilt has also been a statistically significant factor for all, for whom the ‘feel-good’ effect will be minimalised. The‘feel good’ effect and more negative emotions as these authors stress, “temporal tracking of both positive and negative emotions” (p.335) before and after consuming chocolate in future studies could help in further understanding.

Another possible positive influence of chocolate is upon cardiovascular health. Chocolate, processed accordingly, may be a provider of significant levels of heart-friendly flavanols (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002) that really help in delaying blood clotting and inflammation that is reducingSchramm et al., 2001). Such attributes of flavanols in chocolate should be considered within the context of chocolate’s other components – approximately 30% fat, 61% carbohydrate, 6% protein and 3% liquid and minerals (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002). The answer to maximising the many benefits of flavanols in chocolate appears to lie into the amount of fats present. Cocoa, which is simply chocolate without the fat, is the most obvious candidate for maximising heart health, but as Hannum, Schmitz and Keen (2002) note, cocoa products that are most are made through an alkali process which destroys many flavanols. Optimal maximisation for the flavanols involves compounds that are such present in cocoa and chocolate products at levels where they truly are biologically active (Ariefdjohan & Savaiano, 2005).

The biological makeup of chocolate can be relevant in determining whether chocolate is better viewed as a food or a drug, but the boundaries between indulgence and addictive behaviour are unclear. Chocolate contains some biologically active elements including methylxanthines, and cannabinoid-like unsaturated fatty acids (Bruinsma & Taren, 1999) which could represent a neurochemical dependency potential for chocolate, yet can be found in exceedingly lower amounts. Interestingly, and connected to chocolate and mood, Macdiarmid and Hetherington (1995) claim their study unearthed that “self-identified chocolate ‘addicts’” reported a negative correlation between chocolate consumption and mood. It is perhaps indicative of addictive or compulsive type behaviour. However, as Bruinsma and Taren (1999) note, eating chocolate can represent a sensory reward based, luxurious indulgence, based around texture, aroma and flavour anticipation, as opposed to a neurochemically induced craving. Yet, it’s been argued that chocolate may also be used as a type of self-medication, especially in reference to magnesium deficiency. A research by Pennington (2000 in Steinberg, Bearden, & Keen 2003) noted that women do not generally meet US guidelines for trace elements, including magnesium. This correlates with earlier studies done by Abraham and Lubran (1981), who found a correlation that is high magnesium deficiency and nervous tension in females. Thus, tension-related chocolate cravings could possibly be a biological entity fuelled by magnesium deficiency. Overall, however, any difficulty . the proportion of people using chocolate as a drug rather than a food based sensory indulgence is small, though further research might prove enlightening.

A final point to consider with regards to chocolate may be the perception that chocolate is related to obesity. One is thought as carrying excess fat when their Body Mass Index is greater than 30. The literature on chocolate and obesity has clearly demonstrated that there are no correlations that are specific the two variables (Beckett, 2008; Lambert, 2009). This might be typified by the findings of Mellor (2013), who discovered that, during a period of eight weeks of eating 45 grams of chocolate per day, a small grouping of adults demonstrated no weight increase that is significant. As Lambert (2009) notes, chocolate consumption alone is not very likely to cause obesity, unless huge amounts of other calorie dense foods are consumed and also this calorie intake that is dense greater than needed for bodily function, allowing for quantities of activity. The stereotypical ‘chocoholic’ seems more likely to consume many other sweet foods and start to become less likely to take exercise than other people, so chocolate consumption is just one possible variable when considering the sources of obesity.

Obesity and chocolate consumption seems to have no proven correlations. Yet, in this article, many chocolate focused arguments have already been presented, including the transient effect of chocolate on mood therefore the fact that it really is as likely to create feelings of guilt as of well-being. Another possible positive dimension to chocolate is a correlation with cardiovascular health. Yet the potential benefits of flavanols in chocolate are currently offset by the fat/carbohydrate that is high on most types of chocolate. Whether chocolate is a food or a drug can also be unclear. The literature outlines the chemical properties of chocolate that could help explain some addictive type behaviour, particularly in relation to nervous tension in women, but there is also a solid research focus on chocolate as a indulgence that is sensory-based. It could therefore be said that chocolate is certainly not a healthy food, but could be enjoyed as an element of a healthier and balanced lifestyle and diet.

‘Integrity’ relates to ‘honesty’, and academic integrity involves writing in a reputable way, making sure that no body will think you may be claiming that words or ideas from some other person are your own personal. This is very important in academic writing in western countries, and should you not try this you might be accused of plagiarism, which will be a serious offence at university.

Plagiarism means someone that is using words, ideas or diagrams without acknowledgement.

Needless to say, when we write an essay we must make reference to other people’s ideas. We gave a number of the good grounds for this before:

  • To exhibit respect for others’s ideas and work
  • To clearly identify information coming from another source
  • To distinguish an external source from your interpretation or your very own findings
  • To support your own arguments, thus giving you more credibility
  • To demonstrate proof of wide (and understood) reading

    • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.


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